GHG Protocol: What are scope 1 2 and 3 emissions (infographic)

Resource ESG

Investors, regulators, and other stakeholders are increasingly looking for companies to provide transparent and comparable disclosures on their environmental impact. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are one of the most significant aspects of corporate environmental impact. As the largest contributors to global GHG emissions, businesses, particularly the transport, energy, and industrial sectors, have a responsibility to track and reduce their emissions.


The Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) provides a standardized method for companies to measure and reduce GHG emissions in line with the Paris Agreement. It is one of the oldest and most widely used GHG accounting standards for calculating and reporting your carbon footprint, including the Corporate Carbon Footprint. The GHG Protocol classifies GHG emissions into three scopes: Scope 1 (direct emissions), Scope 2 (indirect emissions), and Scope 3 (indirect emissions). This infographic provides a quick and easy guide to all the categories of GHG emissions as defined by the GHG Protocol.


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