What you need to know about… whistleblowers (and UFOs)

How do aliens tie in with whistleblowing regulations across the world? Honestly, I’m not 100% sure either – but keep reading to join me on this journey

Param Gopalasamy
Content Marketing Specialist, CIPM, CIPP/E
August 22, 2023

The Milky Way behind tree silouhettes

Lights, camera, UFO!

The shadows of history came alive on July 26, 2023, when Congress suddenly turned its attention skyward. The decades-long mysteries surrounding unidentified aerial phenomena (UAPs), or more popularly termed UFOs, were to be discussed on a platform that usually tackles earthlier matters. Experiences from multiple people that were close to the issue were shared.

  • Luis Elizondo, former US Army Counterintelligence Special Agent, shared the clandestine corners of the Pentagon's UFO research, outlining decades of silently archived footage and encounters. One particular bit of footage showcased an unidentified object soaring against the wind, displaying aerodynamic capabilities far beyond our current known technology.
  • Christopher Mellon, a former Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for intelligence, speculated on the origins of these UAPs, posing the tantalizing possibility that some might indeed have extraterrestrial roots.
  • David Fravor, former US Navy Commander, shared his personal account which created a ripple across the room. He vividly recounted an encounter off the coast of California, where a saucer-like object defied known laws of physics.

The hesitation of government officials to directly address certain issues underscored the fact that something more may be at play. Was it merely secrecy or something more profound?


Whistle while you work: Unpacking the whistleblower's role

In the midst of all the UFO hullabaloo (which, let's be honest, feels like the next episode of a sci-fi series we all didn’t know we were part of), the limelight inadvertently shone on one significant role: the whistleblower – who in this case was retired Major David Grusch. And boy, did he have a story to tell. Regardless of your stance on whether you believe these claims or not, it provides a good opportunity to take a look at the state of the global whistleblowing landscape.


The superheroes we didn't know we needed

Whistleblowers are actually the superheroes of the corporate world. Keeping their identity anonymous, uncovering wrongdoing in major organizations, all for no personal gain – that fits the superhero checklist, right? 

When organizations start feeling invincible, that's where our whistleblowers jump in. They ensure that with great power comes... well, great accountability. From Earth-shattering (or at least news-shattering) revelations like the Watergate scandal to shocking exposés about global surveillance (hello, Edward Snowden) – whistleblowers have set new courses for our planet's narrative. Just the mere thought that there's a whistleblower among us can make organizations sit up straighter. 

These heroes often navigate asteroid fields of risks, from career black holes to personal alienations (no, not the extraterrestrial kind!). Their journey underscores a commitment to the greater galactic good. Life in the whistleblower nebula isn't always black and white. Every revelation opens up wormholes of debates and discussions, allowing us Earthlings to reach a deeper, cosmic understanding.

On any large stage, be it corporate or political, whistleblowers play a star role. Whether we're discussing UFOs, corporate scandals, or political secrets, they're our Millennium Falcon, making sure the truth isn't light-years away. (Are we done with the UFO/galactic references? Probably not.)


A guide to whistleblower protections in the US

Ever wonder what would happen if you were in the midst of a serious corporate situation that you felt compelled to make light of? Probably not, because that’s a super specific thing to think about. But if you were, thanks to the vast world of US whistleblower protection laws, you'd have a sturdy framework to lean on. 


The Whistleblower Protection Act of 1989

Federal focus

Primarily protects federal employees from retaliation when they disclose information about wrongdoing, mismanagement, or legal violations within the federal government.


Shield against retaliation 

Prevents adverse actions, like firing or demotion, against employees who blow the whistle.



It’s been updated and amended over time to enhance protections and address gaps, showing a commitment to safeguarding whistleblowers.


The False Claims Act

Monetary motive

Aims at fraud against the government, especially in cases where the government is being financially cheated.


Qui tam provisions

Unique feature where private individuals, or "relators", can sue on behalf of the government and potentially share in the recovered funds.


Double protection

Provides protection against retaliation and ensures whistleblowers receive a portion of the financial rewards if the government prevails in the case.


The Sarbanes-Oxley Act

Corporate accountability

Created in the wake of corporate financial scandals to protect investors by improving the accuracy and reliability of corporate disclosures.


Employee emphasis

Protects employees of publicly traded companies who disclose violations related to fraud against shareholders.


Broad reach

Covers a variety of retaliatory actions, including firing, demotion, threats, harassment, or any other manner of discrimination.


The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act 

Financial watchdog

Designed to reduce risks in the financial system by monitoring and reigning in big banks and protecting consumers.


Bounty program

Establishes rewards for whistleblowers who provide original information about violations of securities laws that lead to successful enforcement actions.


Expanded protection

Offers protection not just to employees but also to contractors, subcontractors, and agents who blow the whistle.


S.H.I.E.L.D. for whistleblowers

Even a group of superheroes like the Avengers needed a bureaucratic agency to run things. Organizations like the U.S. Office of Special Counsel, the National Whistleblower Center, and the Government Accountability Project are like S.H.I.E.L.D. – ever-watchful guardians ensuring whistleblowers have the necessary arsenal and support.

To conclude, in the grand Marvel of corporate America, whistleblower protection laws are the superpowers ensuring truth and justice prevail. 


Whistleblowing protection around the galaxy: Europe & beyond

The EU Whistleblower Protection Directive

The European Union took a solid step for transparency with the EU Whistleblower Directive.  It entered into force in December 2019. Companies with 250+ employees had until December 2021 to comply. An extended time has been given for companies with 50+ employees, they have until December 2023 to comply.


Universal application

Whether you’re a tiny startup on Earth or a multinational corporation spanning the Andromeda Galaxy, if you're in the EU and have more than 50 employees, you're covered. Everyone needs to have internal reporting channels for whistleblowers. No exceptions.


Protect the messenger

There’s a clear emphasis on ensuring whistleblowers aren't punished for their bravery. Retaliation? Not in this space quadrant!


Possible penalties

Non-compliance can hit where it hurts most: the wallet. Organizations might face fines up to €20 million or 4% of their global turnover. 

Some of the other penalties for member states in the EU include the following (on top of the GDPR fines):

  • Up to €250K for failure to implement local reporting channels in both Portugal and Luxembourg
  • Up to 3 years in jail and fines for the head of the organization for failure to implement internal reporting channel in Poland
  • Up to €60K for hindrances to report in France with up to 3 years of imprisonment
  • Up to €30K in Romania, €13K in Ireland of compensation to the person subject to retaliation. There are also varying compensation amounts in Czechia, Lithuania and Denmark.
  • Up to €60K fines for a person subject to retaliation in Croatia

Employers failing to comply or failure to keep the confidentiality of the reporter risk fines and paying compensation amounts. 


Whistleblowing in Asia

Moving to major economies in Asia, there's a mixed bag of protection measures. Countries like Japan, South Korea, India, and China have taken steps towards safeguarding whistleblowers. But it’s a vast and varied continent, with each country having its own regulation in place. 


Japan’s Whistleblower Protection Act (2020)

Aimed at protecting employees who report illegal or harmful activities, provides greater legal protection for whistleblowers and more stringent measures for companies.  


South Korea's Act on the Protection of Public Interest Whistleblowers (2011)

Broad in its scope, it doesn’t just stick to public sectors. Anyone risking their neck to expose illicit activities is offered a protective bubble. South Korea has multiple regulations to ensure that whistleblowing is not just encouraged but that proper protections are in place. 

India’s Whistle Blowers Protection Act (2014)

An effort to eliminate corruption by protecting those who report it. However, it doesn’t allow for anonymous complaints – which raises questions about how the safety of individuals who complain will be handled.


China’s Whistleblower Protections (2020/2021)

China has made efforts to encourage the reporting of misconduct, especially concerning corruption. The Civil Code, passed in 2020, focuses on organizations preventing sexual harassment in the workplace, promoting whistleblowers to come forward. Along with this, a rewards structure was put in place in 2021 by the Ministry of Finance to further promote whistleblowers in cases of major violations of law.   

However, while there are these structures in place, the effectiveness and comprehensive protection for whistleblowers remain topics of discussion.


The road ahead

Every planetary system, or in our case, region, has its challenges. Some have robust protective mechanisms; others are just charting their course. For whistleblowers to truly be safe and effective, there’s a need for the following:


Global collaboration

It's one galaxy after all. Sharing best practices and success stories can inspire nations that currently don’t have the most comprehensive laws in place. 


Public awareness

The more the inhabitants of planet Earth know about the importance of whistleblowers, the better. Awareness can lead to understanding, which can lead to protection.


Adapting to change

As new challenges emerge (AI, cyber threats, space-age tech issues), the laws need to evolve. Stagnation could be as perilous as a black hole.

Whistleblowers are the unsung heroes, the guardians of galaxies, ensuring that darkness doesn’t overshadow the light. Protecting them isn’t just a legal necessity; it’s a cosmic duty. 

I hope that there were enough galactic metaphors for you in one article. 


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