OneTrust GDPR Deep Dive Series
Chapter 2: Principles
Chapter 2 outlines basic principles and provides information to help companies prepare to meet new data protection requirements.
The overall goal of the GDPR is to increase harmonisation among the EU member states, and, under the new regulations, the EU will see a lot more consistency with compliance. However, keep in mind that each country’s requirements could still vary, even after GDPR is enacted (e.g., in the areas of national security, employment law, and freedom of speech).
Above all, the key takeaways from Chapter 2 pertain to the integrity and confidentiality that a company must demonstrate when processing and protecting personal data.
Leveraging appropriate technical and organizational security measures when processing personal data is non-negotiable, as is protection against unauthorized or unlawful processing, and against accidental loss, destruction, or damage.
While the processing of special categories was already prohibited by EU law, the GDPR now includes additional prohibition of processing biometric data that would uniquely identify an individual.
The GDPR provides greater consistency with the application of binding corporate rules (BCRs), as the current requirements for BCRs will be explicitly acknowledged as valid in all member states.
Lastly, Chapter 2 discusses “lead DPAs” for each member state, condoning a “one-stop shop” approach where an organization would only interact with a lead DPA on regulatory issues, thus avoiding unnecessary interaction with multiple DPAs across the EU.
Chapter 2 Articles and Descriptions
Article 5: Principles relating to personal data processing
Article 6: Lawfulness of processing
Article 7: Conditions for consent
Article 8: Processing of personal data of a child
Article 9: Processing of special categories of personal data
Article 9a: Processing of data relating to criminal convictions and offenses
Article 10: Processing not allowing identification