The Privacy Act of 1974 v. FOIA Comparison Chart

Resource Privacy Management

The Privacy Act of 1974 v. FOIA Comparison Chart

Government agencies are required to comply with privacy laws such as the Privacy Act of 1974 and the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) when responding to records requests. Both acts were introduced to give individuals greater access to the records held on them by government agencies and set out several objectives and standards for processing requests. The Privacy Act of 1974 and FOIA are similar in many ways, however there are some key differences to bear in mind.  


This chart offers a side-by-side comparison of the Privacy Act of 1974 and FOIA’s scope, exemptions, fees, and penalties to help government agencies understand their obligations under both laws.  


Read more: Digital Transformation of Government Records Requests

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