Connecticut is the 5th state in the US to pass a comprehensive privacy law. With the signature from Governor Ned Lamont for final approval complete, it will take effect on July 1st, 2023.
The law is referred to as the Connecticut Data Privacy Act, or CTDPA.
Like other state privacy laws, Connecticut’s law will cover the following businesses that:
The CTDPA gives consumers the right to access, correction, deletion, data portability, and opt-out for targeted advertising, the sale of personal data, and automated decision-making profiling.
It also has a provision that allows businesses 45 days to respond to these consumer data requests.
Connecticut’s privacy act requires controllers to obtain consent for processing sensitive data. It also defines certain limitations around when companies may reject consumer requests to opt out of data sales, targeted advertising, and profiling. The CTDPA defines “sales” like California and Colorado’s laws (monetary or other valuable consideration), thus covering a broader scope than the sale definitions for Virginia and Utah.
Regarding opt-out, the CTDPA has a requirement to recognize ‘global’ signals exercising opt-out rights in relation to targeted ads and sales by January 1st, 2025. This means that from the beginning of 2025, businesses will have to put opt-out signals in place.
The CTDPA makes it mandatory for data controllers to provide privacy notices in a clear, conspicuous manner, and include ways in which the consumer can opt-out. Requirements around details need to be included as well, such as the categories of personal data processed and the purposes for the processing.
Along with the specifications above, businesses must provide a link on their website for customers to opt-out of targeted advertising.
Businesses must establish, implement, and maintain reasonable administrative, technical and physical data security practices to protect the confidentiality, integrity, and accessibility of personal data appropriate to the volume and nature of the personal data at hand.
Contracts need to be in place with processors and vendors who process data on behalf of controllers.
Controllers must conduct and document a data protection assessment for each of their processing activities that carries a higher risk of harm to consumers, for example targeted advertising.
In cases where the risk posed is significant, the Attorney General may request the assessment to be disclosed.
Data collection and minimization principles and practices are laid out for businesses to follow under the CTDPA. There are also requirements around de-identified data, as well as clear definitions around biometric data. It differs from other state laws in its definitions of what does not constitute biometric data, namely: digital or physical photography, or an audio or video recording unless such data is generated to identify a specific individual.
Controllers must obtain parental consent for the collection of personal data from a child under the age of 13 years.
It also states that controllers shall not “process the personal data of a consumer for targeted advertising or sell their personal data without consent, under circumstances where a controller has the knowledge, but willfully disregards that the consumer is at least 13 years of age but younger than 16 years of age.”
With the CTDPA introducing a similar set of consumer rights, consent rules, and other data protection stipulations to California and Colorado, businesses will at least have a blueprint this time around for compliance set by these previous state privacy laws.
The CTDPA provides a right to cure violations which will sunset on December 31, 2024. After the sunset period is over, the state will then begin enforcement actions with appropriate circumstances. The possibility of a multistate enforcement body is also something that businesses should keep in mind when keeping their data policies and practices compliant.
The important dates to keep in mind regarding the CTDPA are July 1, 2023, December 31, 2024, and January 1, 2025, as the introduction of the law, the last date to fix violations in data practices, and the beginning of mandatory consent and opt-out requirements.
For more information on the CTDPA and other US state privacy laws, visit OneTrust’s DataGuidance.